How to Make Batik Fabric at Home.
We often heard that the process of making batik fabric is complicated and took a lot of time and works. But, is it possible to make it at home?
Batik originally created on fabric with white background (usually made of cotton fabric). But nowadays, batik also created at the top of many kinds of fabric such as polyester, silk, rayon, and other synthetic fabrics with various materials.
How to make batik?
For the pattern, formed using a hot liquid wax with tools called canting to draw or write the pattern of Batik. Batik Fabrics which have been drawn using wax dyed with the desired color, usually starting from lighter to darker color. For the detailed process of making batik as per follows
Canting, a tool for drawing or writing batik, this tool usually made of copper with a sharp edge or similar to a bird's beak.
(Canting - Image Source : www.batikriau.com)
Gawangan, a place to put down or to hang the fabric that will be used for making the batik pattern. Gawangan usually made of wood or bamboo.
(Gawangan - Image Source : www.arsip.tembi.net)
Frying pan, Small size pan to melt the wax or "malam" (Special wax). It usually made of clay or bronze.
(Frying pan - Image Source : www.tokopedia.com)
Small stove or brazier, used for such a small skillet heat.
(Small Stove - Image source : www.bukalapak.com)
Wax or "malam", made from a mixture of various types of materials such as leaves gondorukem, paraffin, fat and coconut oil.
(Wax or "Malam" - Image Source : www.tokopedia.com)
(Wax or "malam" inside the pan - Image source : jejakbatik.blogspot.com)
Dyes, often used natural dyes (bark Soga, indigo leaves, etc.) or with artificial chemical dyes. (Source : www.batik-tulis.com)
(Natural Dyes - Image source : www.pusatgrosirsolo.com)
1. "Ngemplong" is the most basic or preliminary process which began with the process of washing the cloth. It is to eliminate the starch inside the cloth. After that do "Pengeloyoran", put the fabric into peanut oil or castor oil that is in the straw ash. The fabric soaked in castor oil so that the cloth becomes soft. The purpose of this stage is to make the absorption of the dye easier.
("Ngemplong" - Image source : dermayucity.blogspot.com)
2.. "Nyorek" or "memola" is the process of making a pattern or trace on the fabric that has been modeled on the pattern in "mal" before, or are often said to "ngeblat". Batik patterns are usually made on parchment paper first, then traced according to the pattern on the fabric. In this process we can trace or modeled directly on fabric using a pencil or canting. If you want to reproduce colors more perfect and not broken the batik process is repeated on the reverse side. This process is commonly referred to as "ganggang".
3. "Mbathik" is the process of incised wax batik fabric on top, beginning with “Nglowong” (drawing the lines outside pattern) and "isen-isen" (fill in the pattern with various forms of images). In the process of "isen-isen" contained the term "nyecek" which means fill in the fabric in the form of dots on the pattern that has been made before. There is also another term, namely "nruntum", which is almost the same as the process of "isen- isen", but more complicated.
4. "Nembok" is the process of covering the parts that are not allowed to hit the basic color. This process is for blue color. It is covered with the thick layer of wax to prevent the blue color mix with basic color.
5. "Medel" is dyeing process of batik fabric which has been made into a liquid dye that is repeatedly done to get the desired color.
6. "Ngerok" and "Mbirah", at this stage is in the wax batik fabric carefully scraped off using a metal plate, then batik fabric rinsed clean then aerated.
("Ngerok" - Image source : www.fitinline.com)
7. "Mbironi", namely the process of covering the blue color and pattern isen-isen form cecek or the point of using wax. Followed by the "ngrining", is the process of filling in the fabric that is not tinged with a certain motif. This was done after the coloring process is done.
8. "Menyoga", derived from the basic Soga, is a kind of wood used to get brown color by dipping fabric into the mix the brown color.
("Menyoga" - Image source : dermayucity.blogspot.com)
9. "Nglorod" is the final stage of the process of making batik fabric in which the artisan batik will release all wax, by way of brewing fabric that is quite an old color in boiling water. Then, Removed the fabric and rinsed with clean water and aerated until the it is dry.
("Nglorod" - Image source : dermayucity.blogspot.com)