As Indonesian, we are very familiar with Batik. We can find Batik almost everywhere at the shopping area in Jakarta or moreover other cities in Indonesia. But, do we know what is batik actually means?
From Wikipedia, the definition of Batik (Javanese pronunciation: [ˈbateʔ]; Indonesian: [ˈbatɪk]) is a technique of wax-resist dyeing applied to whole cloth, or cloth made using this procedure.
(Image source : www.trendbatik.com)
Batik is made either by drawing dots and lines of the resist with a spouted tool called a canting, also spelled tjanting, or by printing the resist with a copper stamp called a cap, also spelled tjap). The applied wax resists dyes and therefore allows the artisan to color selectively by soaking the cloth in one color, removing the wax with boiling water, and repeating if multiple colors are desired. The word batik is thought to be derived from the word 'ambatik' which translated means 'a cloth with little dots'. The suffix 'tik' means little dot, drop, point or to make dots.
Batik may also originate from the Javanese word 'tritik' which describes a resist process for dying where the patterns are reserved on the textiles by tying and sewing areas before dying, similar to tie dye techniques. Another Javanese phase for the mystical experience of making batik is “mbatik manah” which means “drawing a batik design on the heart”. (Source: www.expat.or.id)
(Image Source : www.mauorder.com)
The word of Batik itself has three distinct meanings.First, batik refers to the actual process of applying melted wax to cloth (or other surfaces) by hand, then dyeing the fabric. The wax acts as a resist to the dye colors. Secondly, the word refers to the finished product itself – a batik cloth. Third, the word has come to mean the patterns themselves. So some would say fabric that has been screen printed to look like batik, but was not made with wax or dyes, is batik also. (Source: www.winotosastro.com)
The tradition of making batik found in many countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Philippines, and Nigeria. However, the batik of Indonesia the best-known. As in the fact that on October 2009, UNESCO designated Indonesian batik as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
(Image source : www.milagrosnews.com)
Indonesian batik mostly made on the island of Java. As, it has a long history of acculturation, which influenced the diverse patterns in Batik by its variety of cultures. Well, Batik from Java also has the most developed regarding pattern, technique, and the quality of workmanships.